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How to Decrypt and Rip DVD with HandBrake on PC/Mac

If you want to convert your DVDs into digital format for easy playback on your computer, photo, or tablet, you can try HandBrake. HandBrake is one of the best free DVD rippers that can convert DVDs to MP4, MKV, and WebM format. In this guide we will walk you through the step-by-step process of ripping DVDs with HandBrake, from downloading and setting up the software to installing libdvdcss to help HandBrake rip DVDs with copy protection and customizing your rip settings.

Additionally, we'll show you how to fix the most common DVD ripping errors in HandBrake, such as "No valid source or titles found" and "can't rip the entire DVD".

Whether you're a tech whiz or a complete beginner, this comprehensive guide will have you ripping DVDs like a pro in no time!

Important Notice: HandBrake can't handle DVD copy protection schemes on its own

Even with libdvdcss being installed, HandBrake can rip CSS-encrypted DVDs only. To rip DVDs with other DVD copy protections, you need a more powerful alternative like WinX DVD Ripper.

Main features of WinX DVD Ripper:

  • ▪ Bypass CSS, UOPs, RCE, region code, Sony ARccOS, Disney X-Project, and more DVD copy protection schemes on its own.
  • ▪ Rip DVD to MP4, AVI, MPEG, WMV, MOV, ISO, MP3, iPhone, iPad, Apple TV, Samsung, PS4, etc. 350+ output presets.
  • ▪ Support GPU hardware acceleration and multi-core CPU. Rip a DVD in 5 minutes only.
  • ▪ Built with High Quality Engine and Deinterlacing feature. Keep Original Quality.
  • ▪ Allow customizing output: adjust video audio parameters, trim, crop, merge, subtitle, etc.

Free Download WinX DVD Ripper for Windows
Free Download WinX DVD Ripper for Mac

Part 1. Prerequisites to Rip DVD with HandBrake: Install HandBrake and libdvdcss

1. Download and install HandBrake DVD ripper.

HandBrake is a cross platform program. The current version 1.7.3 is available for Mac (macOS High Sierra 10.13 and later), Windows (10 and later) and Linux. As an open-source DVD ripper, it won't cost you a penny. Simply go to download center - the only official place to download HandBrake DVD ripper - to get a copy fit for your computer and install it following wizard.

The old releases of HandBrake are available here.

Download HandBrake DVD ripper

2. Download libdvdcss if you want to rip copy-protected DVD with HandBrake.

HandBrake itself can't rip commercially copy-protected DVDs. If you want to use HandBrake to rip encrypted DVDs (actually, almost all store-bought DVDs are copyright-protected), you should firstly download libdvdcss. libdvdcss is a part of VideoLAN project capable of reading and decrypting DVDs locked by region codes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and CSS.

Get libdvdcss at:

libdvdcss versions

Here you'll find a selection of libdvdcss versions ranging from 0.0.1 to 1.4.2. Then, you just need to select a version to download. For example, you can select the 1.2.12 version. After clicking it, you'll see a few links named macosx/, win32/, and win64/. Here you should choose the appropriate libdvdcss file according to your operating system.

If you're using a Windows 32-bit system, select win32/ and proceed to download libdvdcss-2.dll. For Windows 64-bit, opt for win64/. And if you use Mac, click macosx/ and download libdvdcss.pkg file.

Download libdvdcss to help HandBrake rip encrypted DVD

Next, you should install libdvdcss on your computer. The process is different on Windows and Mac.

On Windows, you simply need to copy the libdvdcss-2.dll to HandBrake folder.

Install libdvdcss to help HandBrake rip encrypted DVD

On Mac OS X Yosemite or older, you can download the libdvdcss package file and double click it to install.

If you use Mac OS X El Capitan or later, you need to install libdvdcss via Homebrew.

So first of all, you need to install Homebrew on your Mac. To do this, you can follow these steps:

Step 1. Open the Terminal: You can find it in the "Utilities" folder within the "Applications" folder, or you can use Spotlight search by pressing Command + Space and typing "Terminal".

Step 2. Install Homebrew: In the Terminal, paste the following command and press Enter: /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL"

This command will download and execute the Homebrew installation script. You may be asked to enter your password to proceed. In this case, just enter your password.

Install Homebrew on Mac

Step 3. Wait for the Installation: The installation process will take a few minutes as Homebrew downloads and configures the necessary files.

Install Homebrew on Mac

After the installation finishes, you will receive instructions to execute two additional commands:
echo 'eval $(/opt/homebrew/bin/brew shellenv)' >> /Users/$USER/.zprofile
eval $(/opt/homebrew/bin/brew shellenv)

If you don't do this, you'll get a "command not found: brew" when trying to run Homebrew commands.

Install Homebrew on Mac

Step 4. Verify the Installation: Once the installation is complete, you can verify it by typing the following command in the Terminal: brew doctor

If everything was installed correctly, you will see a message indicating that your system is ready to brew.

After you finish Homebrew installation, run the command brew install libdvdcss in Terminal window. Moments later, the libdvdcss will be installed on El Capitan or later.

Install libdvdcss on Mac through Homebrew

Note: Using the Apple's Hardened Runtime, HandBrake 1.3 and higher versions can load only dynamic libraries that are signed with a valid Apple Developer ID certificate. However, HomeBrew libdvdcss is not signed. So, you'll get a scrambled DVD rip file when you use HandBrake 1.3 and later to rip a DVD on Mac. In this case, you can either install an older version or install a HandBrake alternative to rip your DVDs.

With libdvdcss installed, HandBrake now can rip DVD with copy protection.

Part 2. How to Rip a DVD with HandBrake on Windows

In this example I show how to rip a DVD with HandBrake on a Windows 10 PC, but the principle is the same for other systems.

Step 1. Load the DVD you want to rip into HandBrake.

Insert target DVD into the DVD drive of your computer. Then, open HandBrake and you will be able to see Source Selection where your DVD should be already detected. (Tips: HandBrake can also rip DVD VIDEO_TS folder and ISO file to mainstreaming format.)

Load DVD to Handbrake

Click target DVD and HandBrake will begin scanning it. Scanning time varies with content on your disc.

Handbrake is scanning DVD titles

Step 2. Choose the DVD title and chapter you want to rip.

HandBrake will select a title for you automatically, but you can click the Title drop-down menu to choose a different DVD title. All chapters of the selected title will be covered, but you can also specify it as needed.

Generally speaking, if it is a movie DVD, main movie part should be the one with the longest duration. But this rule doesn't apply to 99-title movie DVDs and HandBrake can't deal with such kind of disc. If it is a TV series DVD, simply select your favorite title/episode - each usually being 20 - 44 minutes. But in most cases we want to select all episodes to rip.

Well, how to select multiple titles in HandBrake?

After you select a title, choose a preset, and then you can click the drop-down arrow of Add to Queue. There're three options: Add Current, Add All and Add Selection.

Use add to queue to select multiple/all titles
  • When you click Add Current, HandBrake will add currently selected title to the queue.
  • When you click Add All, HandBrake will add all DVD titles to the queue simultaneously.
  • When you choose Add Selection, HandBrake will pop up a window where you can specify which titles to add to queue.
Select multiple titles or episodes in HandBrake

So that's how to rip multiple titles off DVD or copy several/all episodes of TV show DVD.

Step 3. Configure output.

HandBrake DVD ripper empowers you to convert DVD to MP4, MKV, and WebM format. In addition, it offers dozens of output presets, grouped under General (1080p, 720p, 576p, 480p), Web (Gmail, YouTube, Vimeo, Discord), Devices (Android, Apple, Chromecast, Playstation, Amazon Fire, Roku, Xbox), Matroska (H.264, H.265, VP8, VP9), and Production. You can choose any one at will, or add personalized preset by clicking Save New Preset.

Choose a preset for DVD rip file in HandBrake

When choosing a preset, don't choose 720p and 1080p presets for DVDs. The resolution for PAL DVD is 720 x 576 (576p), while the resolution for NTSC DVD is 720 x 480 (480p). Choosing a larger preset won't make the output look better but bigger.

One more thing, "Fast" and "Very Fast" presets will sacrifice some output quality, while "HQ" and "Super HQ" presets will slow the DVD ripping speed and increase output file size.

Besides container format and preset, HandBrake also allows you to select subtitle, specify audio track, tweak video parameters like codec and framerate, set quality, and do so much more. But if you know little about those features, just keep the default settings untouched.

Step 4. Specify the destination to save your DVD rip file.

Navigate to Save As section and then click Browse to choose the location for storing the resulting file. HandBrake allows you to rip DVD to computer hard drive or external storage devices.

Specify save path for HandBrake DVD rip file

Step 5. Ask HandBrake to rip DVD in no time.

If you have nothing to modify, simply click Start Encode button at the top menu bar to start ripping video/audio from DVD with HandBrake.

Click Start Encode to rip DVD using HandBrake

Then you will see a display bar and can estimate the time remaining to complete.

So this is how to rip DVD with HandBrake on Windows. If you encounter an error, jump to "Part 4" to find a solution.

HandBrake is ripping DVD

By the way, we also have an article on how to rip Blu-Ray with HandBrake. If you have some Blu-Rays that you want to rip, click the link to read the article.

Watch video tutorial on how to rip a DVD with HandBrake (for beginners)

Part 3. How to Rip a DVD with HandBrake on Mac

Step 1. Open the source DVD with HandBrake.

Launch HandBrake and then it will open a dialog box asking you to select source file. Now, you should browse you Mac and select the DVD you want to rip as the source.

It will take a while for HandBrake to scan the titles on your DVD.

Open DVD with HandBrake Mac version

Step 2. Select the DVD title to rip.

Click on the box next to Title to choose the DVD title you want to rip.

If you don't want to rip the whole title, you can also specify the range by setting starting and ending chapters, seconds or frames.

Choose DVD title to rip with HandBrake on Mac

Step 3. Select preset.

Click on the box next to Preset to choose the output format.

After that, you can click the Summary, Dimensions, Filters, Video, Audio, Subtitles, and Chapters tab to adjust settings futher.

Choose preset

Step 4. Specify file name and location.

Enter a desired file name for the DVD rip file into the box next to Save As and click the Browse … button to select the location where the DVD rip file be saved.

Specify destination

Step 5. Start ripping DVD with HandBrake on Mac.

When you have done all settings, click the Start button which looks like a green play button on the toolbar. Then, HandBrake will start ripping DVD on your Mac.  

Part 4. Why Won't HandBrake Rip DVD? How to Fix It?

Various problems may occur when we use HandBrake to rip DVDs. Here, we pick out several common issues. If you fail to rip DVD with HandBrake because of one of the reasons, just head to the solution we provide.

* No valid source or titles found

Handbrake failed to rip DVD: no valid source or titles found

This error pops up after you attempt to open the source of DVD. Here are some common reasons:

  • Copy protection: Some DVDs have encryption that prevents copying. HandBrake may not be able to access the content in these cases.
  • Disc damage: Scratches or other physical damage on the DVD can make it unreadable.
  • Drive permissions: On some systems, you might need specific permissions to access the DVD drive. Check your system settings to ensure you have read access.
  • Short titles: HandBrake might skip titles shorter than a certain default duration. You can adjust this setting in HandBrake's preferences to include shorter titles like special features.

So, here are some solutions you can try to fix this error.

  • For copy protection: Follow the steps above to download and install libdvdcss correctly on your computer. However, libdvdcss doesn't work for all DVD copy protections. If libdvdcss struggles, you can try a more powerful DVD decrypter.
  • For disc damage: Inspect your DVD and check if your DVD is scratched or damaged. Try cleaning the disc with a soft, lint-free cloth.
  • For drive permissions: If you encounter the "No valid source or titles found" error on Mac, it might be due to insufficient permissions for the source DVD. In this case, you can right-click the source DVD, select "Get Info", and then add yourself under "sharing & permissions". This can make sure you have read access.
  • For shorter titles: Increase the minimum title duration to prevent HandBrake from skipping short titles, like special features or trailers. To adjust this setting, go to HandBrake > Tools > Preferences, look for the "Advanced" tab in the preferences and then you should find a setting labeled "Minimum DVD and Blu-ray title duration in [] seconds. Shorter titles will be skipped:", and then enter a shorter value to allow HandBrake to detect shorter titles.

* HandBrake only rip part of DVD

HandBrake is reported to unable to finish the entire DVD ripping. For example, it only outputs one-hour video from a two-hour movie.


  • Copy protection: Many commercially-produced DVDs have encryption (copy protection) that Handbrake can't bypass. This can lead to the ripping process getting stuck or incomplete.
  • Corrupted DVD: Scratches or damage on the DVD can prevent Handbrake from reading certain parts, resulting in a partial rip.
  • Hardware issues: Problems with your DVD drive might cause Handbrake to stop ripping midway.
  • Dual-layer DVDs: Handbrake might have difficulty handling dual-layer DVDs and only rip content from one layer.


  • For copy protection: Download and install the libdvdcss library (with VLC on Mac). This can help Handbrake decrypt some DVDs, but it may not work for all encryption types. If libdvdcss fails, explore alternative tools that can handle stronger encryption.
  • For corrupted DVD: Gently remove dust or debris from your DVD with a soft, lint-free cloth. Or you can try to rip DVDs with WinX DVD Ripper which may work with damaged DVDs.
  • For hardware issues: Try testing your DVD on another computer. If Handbrake rips the DVD fully on another computer, your DVD drive might be faulty and needs repair.
  • For dual-layer DVDs: Try another DVD ripper that can handle dual-layer DVDs.

* HandBrake distorted video when ripping DVD on Windows 10


  • DVD copy protection: Handbrake can't decrypt most DVDs with copy protection (CSS, ARccOS, etc.). This can lead to errors and distorted output.
  • Incorrect Handbrake settings: Choosing very high resolutions (e.g., 720p, 1080p) for a standard-definition DVD won't improve quality and might distort the video.
  • Aspect Ratio Issues: Adjusting the aspect ratio can distort the picture.
  • Incompatible Codecs: Choosing a codec not supported by your playback device can cause distortion.
  • Insufficient System Resources: Low processing power, memory, or disk space can lead to errors and distorted output during ripping.


  • For copy protection: Download and install the libdvdcss library to help Handbrake decrypt some DVDs. To handle stronger encryption, you may need to consider a paid DVD ripper.
  • For incorrect settings: Use recommended settings for DVD rips: Video: 576P30 (PAL) or 480P30 (NTSC); Encoder: H.264 with RF 18-22 quality settings. Avoid changing aspect ratio unless necessary.
  • For aspect ratio issue: Leave the aspect ratio set to the source DVD's native resolution (usually found on the DVD case).
  • For incompatible codec: Use a widely supported format like H.264 if playback issues occur.
  • For insufficient system resource: Close unnecessary applications, ensure enough free disk space, and verify your system meets Handbrake's requirements.

Part 5. FAQs about Ripping DVD with HandBrake

1. Can HandBrake rip protected DVD?

HandBrake itself can't decrypt DVD, but you can install libdvdcss to help HandBrake decrypt and rip drmed DVD. We have explain how to download and install libdvdcss for HandBrake in part 1.

2. How to rip DVD with HandBrake on Windows 11/10/8/7?

Simply follow our detailed guide above to rip a DVD using HandBrake on PC.

3. How to rip a DVD with HandBrake on Mac (macOS Ventura, Monterey, Big Sur, Catalina, High Sierra...)?

Just follow the same steps as you use HandBrake to rip DVD on Windows: download and install HandBrake Mac version -> choose title -> choose output format -> select destination folder -> start encoding DVD on Mac.

Rip DVD with Handbrake on Mac

4. How to rip a DVD with multiple episodes (TV series DVD) in HandBrake?

When you want to rip a multi-episode DVD with HandBrake, you can add multiple or all episodes at the same time using the Add to queue feature.

5. How to rip DVD with subtitles on HandBrake?

HandBrake has a Subtitles tab where you can select desired subtitle track, closed caption, and import external subtitle.

Use HandBrake to rip DVD with subtitles

Related article: A Complete Guide to Add or Remove Subtitles in HandBrake

6. Can HandBrake rip DVD to ISO?

No. HandBrake cannot export ISO files. If you want to copy DVD to ISO or VIDEO_TS folder, you can try WinX DVD Ripper.

7. How to use HandBrake to rip DVD with menu?

Actually, HandBrake doesn't support ripping DVD with menu. If you want to create a DVD copy with menu, you can use WinX DVD Ripper.

8. How to rip Disney DVD with HandBrake?

Disney DVDs are often copy-protected. If you want to use HandBrake, install libdvdcss first and then try your luck.

9. How to rip audio from DVD with HandBrake?

HandBrake can only rip video from DVD. If you want to get audio only, you need to take the extra step, namely converting video to audio.

10. How to rip DVD with 5.1 surround sound on HandBrake?

Go to Audio tab in HandBrake, and choose an audio track tagged with 5.1 ch.

11. How long does it take to rip a DVD with HandBrake?

Handbrake DVD rip time depends on the size of your DVD, the performance of your computer CPU and GPU, and your preferences and choice of settings in HandBrake. It could be tens of minutes to a few hours.

12. How to rip HD-DVD with HandBrake?

According to HandBrake supported source formats, HandBrake supports HD-DVD. You can follow our tutorial above to rip a HD-DVD with HandBrake.

13. How do I rip a full DVD with HandBrake?

Some users complain that HandBrake cannot rip the entire DVD. Actually, this is usually because your DVD is copy-protected. To rip a full DVD with HandBrake, you can try installing libdvdcss for HandBrake. If this doesn't work, you will have to try an alternative to HandBrake.

14. Can HandBrake rip DVD without losing quality?

Since HandBrake will re-encode the video, there is some loss of quality. if you want to rip DVD while keeping the original quality, you can try WinX DVD Ripper. This tool offers 1:1 DVD backup modes.

Rip Nearly Any DVD with the Best HandBrake DVD Ripper Alternative

Overall, most of HandBrake errors are result from copy protections. And the best way to fix them could be trying a HandBrake alternative like WinX DVD Ripper Platinum, capable of processing various encryption schemes. With over 13-year experience, this software supports nearly any DVD copy protection schemes, like general CSS mechanism, Sony ARccOS, UOPs, APS, RCE and Disney X-project DRM. It can rip Disney DVDs even with 99 confusing titles, workout DVDs, special Japanese DVDs, and others, without hassle.

The alternative to HandBrake has the advantages not only in wide range of supported DVDs, but also in more well-configured output presets, more output file formats, super fast speed, high output quality, intuitive interface and more.


author - Donna Peng

Donna Peng twitter icon

Donna Peng's fascination with multimedia began at an early age - shortly after she licked the physical disc and then she's been obsessed ever since. Her decade-long career at Digiarty after the graduation has seen her unmatched expertise in the field of DVD, digital video, software and anything related to home theatre. She is currently fascinated with photography.

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