How to Restore and Upscale VHS Videos to HD and 4K?

Kistent Waung

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Summary: Is it possible to upscale VHS videos from low-quality to HD and even 4K? Yes, it's an easy job with Winxvideo AI. Check why it's the best AI VHS enhancer >>

I recently copied all of my family VHS tapes and now I want to enhance the fuzzy, noisy, low resolution files using enhancement software, especially AI neural net enhancement. Does anyone know where I can buy/download this kind of software for enhancing my VHS home videos?
I would be very interested in testing how well Stable Diffusion, or other similar AI software, could help me restore the image quality of old transferred VHS material. Question is, how do you go about removing grain and other artifacts, make the VHS video quality sharper, and correcting colors?  

VHS tapes often contain precious memories, such as family gatherings, weddings, or childhood moments. Restoring and upscaling VHS videos helps preserve these memories and prevents the degradation of the original tapes over time. It's a way to ensure that the valuable content stored on VHS tapes remains accessible and relevant in the digital age. In this post, we will show you how to upscale VHS videos to 1080P and 4K with the best possible quality.

Restore and Upscale VHS Videos with Winxvideo AI

Winxvideo AI – an AI-powered VHS video upscaler. It’s able to upscale VHS video from 480P to 720P, 1080P, and even 4K. It will remove noise, grain, blur, artifacts, and interlaced effects from VHS tape videos and restore VHS videos to sharper quality. It also offers AI tools to increase VHS frame rates from 25-30fps to 60/120/240fps to make them smoother. There are tools to adjust the video brightness, contrast, saturation, etc. to enhance VHS video quality.

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Note: AI tools for Mac are currently unavailable, but they're coming soon. Stay tuned.

How to Upscale VHS Video to HD/4K Step by Step?

Before you get started, you need to:

  • Use a good-quality VHS player and a video capture device to digitize the VHS footage. Connect the VHS player to a computer using the capture device, and record the video using video capture software.
  • When capturing the VHS footage, select the highest quality settings supported by your capture device. This can help restore the digital VHS video to as much detail as possible.

Step 1. Import the VHS videos

Download the VHS upscaler on your computer and open it. Click Video AI > "Open file" to import the VHS video you want to enhance. You can add as many VHS videos as you need for batch upscaling.

Select Video AI

Step 2. Upscale VHS to HD/4K

On the right panel of the interface, enable Super Resolution. Choose an upscaling option, such 2x, 3x, and 4x. To upscale a 480p VHS video, you're suggested to choose 2x to upscale it to HD quality. Over-upscaling may not improve the output quality much better but will increase the final file size. As an old VHS video may also contain pixelation, noise, or grain, upscaling the VHS video will also help remove noise and get rid of pixelation.

Add video to stabilize

Step 3. Increase frame rates

VHS videos are recorded at around 24 frames per second, which may lead to stutters during playback on modern displays. In this case, enable the Frame Interpolation box. It lets you increase the frame rates by up to 5x to 60fps, 120fps, and higher.  

Add video to stabilize

Step 4. Correct the color

The old VHS tapes often suffer from color degradation. So you can also try to enhance VHS video quality by adjusting the color. To do this, back on the main interface, click Video Converter, then under the imported VHS video, choose Effects. Then you can adjust the contrast, brightness, saturation, etc. to restore VHS videos to a pleasant look.

Add video to stabilize

Step 5. De-ineterlace VHS videos

VHS videos are typically interlaced. Luckily, the VHS upscaler provide a one-click option to remove the interlaced effects. On the right lower part of the Video Converter’s interface, enable the box Deinterlacing. It will automatically fix the interlaced VHS video.

Add video to stabilize

Step 6. Export high-quality VHS videos

After all the above settings, set an output folder to store the upscaled HD VHS video. Then click Run and wait. The whole process is powered by GPU acceleration so it won’t take too long.

Restore and Enhance VHS Video with Topaz Video AI

Topaz Video AI is another AI-powered video enhancer. It's specially designed to enhance videos like VHS, old videos, low-resolution clips, high-quality files, etc. It’s able to upscale VHS videos to HD 1080P, 4K, and even 8K. In addition, it offers various models and presets for improving different types of videos. Therefore, you can find options like Iris, Dione DV, Dione TV, etc. that are trained to improve SD VHS videos. The only thing to pay attention is that Topaz Video AI can be very slow sometimes. Additionally, all its features come at $299.00, or there will be big watermark on the output video.

Also see: how to sharpen an old video

How to Upscale VHS Videos with Topaz Video AI?

Step 1. Download the latest version of Topaz Video AI on your computer and run it. Then click Browse to locate and import the VHS videos. You can also do it by drag and drop. On the right panel, there are a few settings to help restore VHS vdieo quality.

Restore and upscale VHS videos

Step 2. There are options to create slow motion, convert video to 60fps, upscale video to 4K, and deinterlace video and upscale video to HD, etc. You can choose a preset based on your needs. To somply upscale VHS to HD or 4K, you can also go to the Output Resolution, and choose 2x upscale, 4x upscale, or a specific resolution.

Upscale VHS to 1080P 4K

Step 3. Next, enable the Enhancement box and then you can restore and enhance the VHS video quality. You need to choose a Video Type and AI Model. As most VHS are interlaced video, choose the Video Type as Interlaced. There are different AI models trained for interlaced videos. For a low VHS video, you can try Dione DV or Dione TV. If your VHS video contains noise or grain, you can also choose an AI model for grain reduction. You can test and preview different models until you find the best VHS video upscaling setting.

Enhance VHS videos

Step 4. Select the desired output settings, including the resolution and file format. Then click Export and wait. By default, the restored VHS video will be stored in the same folder of the source video.


Both Winxvideo AI and Topaz Video AI offer solution to enhance VHS video quality. Winxvideo AI provides different tools to help restore VHS videos, such as AI VHS upscaler, deinterlace, denoise, increase frame rates, correct color, remove pixelation, etc. There are also other features like tools to convert, compress, download, edit, etc. to explore. Topaz Video AI, on the other hand, is a dedicated video enhancer which contains various AI models trained for low- and high-quality videos. As for the price, Topaz Video AI will cost much more. Just choose the one that most suits your need.

Further Reading: How to Convert VHS Tapes to Vdieo for Upscaling?

To restore and upscale VHS video quality, you need to convert the content on VHS tapes into a video. Here's a guide on how to convert VHS tapes to digital files:

Tools needed:

  • VHS player
  • Computer with a video capture device (e.g., VHS to Digital Converter Adapter, Elgato Video Capture, Capture Card USB)
  • RCA or S-Video cables
  • Software for video capture (e.g., OBS Studio, VirtualDub)

Steps 1. Connect your VHS player to your computer using either RCA (yellow, red, white cables) or S-Video cables. If your computer doesn't have a built-in video capture device, install an external capture device.

Step 2. Install video capture software on your computer. Then open the video capture software, choose the input source (composite or S-Video), set the desired resolution, and output folder to save the digital VHS files.

Step 3. Insert the VHS tape into the VHS player and cue it to the desired starting point.

Step 4. Start playing the VHS tape and initiate the recording in the capture software. The software will capture the video and audio from the VHS tape.

Step 5. After it finishes recording VHS, save the digital file in a preferred format. While the above VHS upscaler supports videos in any formats, you’re suggested to save the captured VHS video in MP4 for the best quality. 

FAQs about VHS Upscaling

1. Can old VHS tapes be enhanced?

Yes. Winxvideo AI provides different methods to help restore the VHS video quality.

2. Can you upscale VHS to HD?

Yes, with Winxvideo AI, you can easily upscale VHS videos from SD to HD 720p, 1080P, and even 4K resolution. However, you need to know that higher-quality SD content with less compression artifacts may upscale more effectively. If your source VHS video is in very low quality like 240P, you’re suggested to not upgrade VHS to 4K or higher as aggressive upscaling may introduce artifacts or unnatural-looking details.

3. What is the highest resolution on VHS?

VHS (Video Home System) is an analog video format that does not have a fixed resolution in the way digital formats do. Most tapes are digitized at 480p and about 24-29 FPS. With a proper VHS video upscaler and effective upscaling algorithm, you can upscale VHS resolution to HD 1080P and 4K.

4. Does VHS quality degrade over time?

Yes, normally, VHS tapes can last for 10 to 25 years. Factors such as physical wear, environment, oxidation, magnetic fields, etc. can all contribute to VHS deterioration. To mitigate the degradation of VHS quality over time, it's advisable to digitize and archive important VHS content.

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